Fundamental principles of interior design

From Yossi Shaul

When you know the fundamental principles of interior design, then you can renovate your space to look gorgeous. When you walk into your well-designed room, you must know how it feels. If you just feel right, you will obtain the dramatic effect in your home with a small skill of fundamental principles of design. All you have to do is to pair those skills with the proper experimentation and practice. In order to make a beautiful home, you must follow this proper way.


When it comes to design, the balance makes a feeling of equilibrium. It is fully about approximating or equalizing the visual weight of objects. The balance is not only developed through the shape but also through the texture, pattern and colour as well. Primarily, there are three various types of balance available such as,

  • Formal or symmetrical

The formal or traditional spaces call for equal balance, where space is divided into two sides that mirror each other. For instance, if two chairs are placed on either side of a coffee table, then it is said to be asymmetrically balanced. This type of balance is very simple to get as design elements, which are repeated on both sides. If you are not handling carefully, this type of balance can become very boring.

  • Informal or asymmetrical

Without perfect duplication, the illustration weights of colours, textures, lines and forms are well balanced. It is not as same as symmetrical balance, but it could be quite complex as well as more interesting. For example, the sofa can be impartial by situating two chairs on both sides.

  • Radial balance

This kind of balance can be achieved when there is a middle main point with some other essentials radiating around it. For example, consider a circle dining board with chairs situated nearby. There is plenty of replication of colour, form and texture.


In music, the rhythm in design is all about the creating patterns of contrast and repetition to make the visual interest.

You can easily achieve this by simply using a similar shape or colour at various intervals. The main purpose is moving your eye around the room. For example, you can find a rhythm by using the pillow colours, choosing it up in painting and also echoing it again in a rug. These repetitions can help to carry the eye all over the room.


Harmony is developed; when all the elements are acted together in order to make the unified message. As like rhythm, it will create more excitement and also makes a sense of restfulness. For example, you can make harmony by just using single colour and your forms might be varied in size, shape and texture.


The room where everything gets the same importance will either boring or scattered. You just want an anchor. Even the architectural spaces have some points of interests such as a window or a fireplace with an elegant view. You should also select to improve the built-in focal point by simply arranging the furniture all over it to emphasize it. In a room, you can make a single grouping of furniture or using a large or in a habitual piece.

Proportion and scale

Actually, the proportion is a ratio between the sizes of one part to another part. The scale is referred to how the size of a single object related to another. For example, a large overstuffed sectional in a small room will be totally out of scale.

Even some of the proportional associations are more agreeable than others. In earlier, the ancient Greeks came up with the section of gold that could seek to minimize all the proportion to a simple formula. The ratio of smaller section to a larger section is as same as that of a larger section to a whole. This proportion is now available in artists, architects and nature have used it very well.